Throughout the globalized world, stricter budgets and large-scale planning have been erasing character and individuality of urban fabrics, overturning cultural and individual sensibilities in favor of homogenous monotony. Hendrik Berlage described the core issue of this phenomenon: “[People]... see in the dreadful monotony of endless rows of identical houses and bungalows an assault upon their personality, upon their freedom, upon their humanity.” Many buildings, even if an attempt to erase monotony from their design has been made, do not provide genuine historic continuity. In the meantime, due to a romantization of the past as well as of connection to a local culture, historic buildings became physical embodiments of many’s sense of nostalgia for bygone eras. The disparity between those spaces that are being created, and spaces that allow for a soaring imagination and a sense of belonging, is only growing.

The antidote to tedium is found in contrast on detail, architectural, and urban scales. I am turning to architecture of nostalgia and questioning how the feeling of wandering through an old part of town can be recreated in a contemporary setting.
A combination of historical layering, reprogramming of spaces, and fragmentation, resulted in oeuvres such as Carlo Scarpa’s Castelvecchio, the lobby of Crypta Balbi museum, and the Cloisters garden. All three exhibit techniques of adaptation, regeneration, and to some extent rely on contemporary interventions. The purpose of intentionally using contrast of temporal diversity lies both in preservation of a particular area’s cultural heritage and creation of rich, connected spaces, devoid of planned monotony, yet non-imitative of their predecessors. My proposal will investigate how this strategy can apply to three various contexts: a historical ruin, a globalized neighborhood, and a natural landscape untouched by civilization. 

The primary devices for investigation are use of spolia, collage, and small-scale interventions. My thesis will rely on individual perception as much as on collective memory, - that which is encapsulated in stone as well as intangible and undefined. Some of the issues associated with this approach include imitation, originality, and potential erasure of alignment with contemporary practice; topics discussed extensively in Pezo Von Ellrichshausen’s elective “Landscape_02”. However, the constraints of the project will prevent it from mimicry of historic architecture, and will instead promote adaptation and reuse in combination with exploration of contemporary building. The investigation will result in creation 
of a framework for growth on urban and architectural scales. This methodology, to be illustrated by three aforementioned sites,   will attempt to reimagine the sense of temporal connection in locals and visitors.
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